Governance in the North and the transfer or allocation of responsibilities and powers to the territories have been a long-standing political objective of the Canadian government. Decentralization in Nunavut is an essential step in the political and economic development of the territory. The Nunavut IPA specifically refers to the official delegation of responsibilities for nunavut public lands, water and resources from the Canadian government to the GN. It is important to ensure that the time required for each necessary step, up to the final delivery date, is implemented. A timetable of approximately five years is planned between the signing of the IPA and the formal transfer of all skills to the GN. On Thursday, August 15, 2019 (and after several years of negotiations), Nunavut Prime Minister Joe Savikataaq, Federal Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations Carolyn Bennett and NTI President Aluki Kotierk signed an agreement in principle, a first step towards a possible decentralization agreement in Iqaluit. The signing of the IPA is an important step in the negotiation process that began in earnest in November 2014, as Canada, GN and ITTI have reached agreement on many important elements for the final decentralization agreement. Although the IPA is not legally binding, it will serve as a guide for the negotiation of a final decentralisation agreement. Elder, political leader and “father of Nunavut” John Amagoalik, who has been an active campaigner for Nunavut Inuit since the 1960s, was a witness who in principle signed the agreement. The parties to Nunavut`s decentralization process are the Government of Canada, the GN and Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated (NTI), the legal representative of Nunavut Inuit for national contractual rights and contract negotiations. The nature and complexity of decentralization required an ongoing department dedicated to the preparation, negotiation and implementation of a decentralisation agreement. The division conducts and coordinates decentralized negotiations with the Canadian government (GC) and Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated (NTI).